Wednesday 21.7.2017 the European Parliament hall hosted protagonists of migration management in the Mediterranean met at an international conference on migrants. Two days before the start of the work of the European Council of 22-23 June, the president of the European Parliament Antonio Tajani wanted to discuss immigration program guidelines and take stock of the results achieved.
In his introductory speech, Mr Tajani acknowledged as "the face of this tragedy that worries our fellow citizens of Europe can sometimes appear weak, even indifferent," adding that "the current system of division of refugees has failed. In the last five years the union has had over 3,6 million applications for asylum, only 2.5 million between 2015 and 2016 ". To remedy the weakness of the reception system, the European Parliament will try to launch by July 2017 , "a reform that aims to redistribute in an automatic asylum seekers from countries with excess demand and to harmonize across the EU the criteria to apply for kindergarten".
For initial greetings have been joined by the European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker,who wanted to commemorate the achievement of a set goal for many years, that of a European coast guard, flanked by Operation Sophia led by Admiral Enrico Credendino. For the diehard critics of reception policies, the Luxembourg asks not forget "that behind the figures and statistics bare there are women and children who would have preferred to stay at home rather than take the road of an uncertain exile." To solve the root of the travel drama of hope, the European Commission proposed "an outside investment plan for Africa and the Neighborhood" hoping "the timeliness of the co-legislators to ensure that this fund will be operational in a short time."
But much of the institutional greetings of Presidents had expected the intervention of the Libyan Premier (or at least, the Libyan government recognized by the international community) Fayez al-Sarraj. He launched a heartfelt appeal to EU Members to do even more than hitherto for Libya.
The fact his country "does not have the means to manage these flows by itself" neither has the tools "to ensure a minimum of health services" to migrants in camps in Libya.
In these hotpot, assures the High Representative for the CFSP Federica Mogherini,people are held "in dramatic living conditions." On a positive note in the Libyan scenario is the (too) slow establishment of a new coastguard, that without adequate means, and hindered, as pointed out by the Libyan premier, by "drug trafficking that overlap the trafficking in human beings human ", saved in recent months 23,000 lives. Sarraj has repeatedly said the gratitude of Tripoli to the Italian Government, which signed a protocol with the Libyans "fundamental to better manage flows through efficient electronic platform."
Yet shipwrecks off the Libyan coasts continue to be the order of the day, the last Monday when 130 migrants set sail on a raft, only 4 were still breathing while a fishing boat picked them into the sea. The 90 million of EU Fund for Africa are not enough to restore financial stability in Tripoli and political authority to manage the return and fight the smugglers. For this the Sarraj speech ended with a point against the UN, which does not decide to suspend trade sanctions against Libya, blocking economic recovery: "Two weeks ago we presented an official request to the UN for lifting the embargo against Libya to allow us to more effectively lead the fight to migration flows. We ask the European Parliament to support this request ".